Martin Luther King
He campaigned for many years for the rights of black people, to stop them being used as slaves and to stop the segregation and discrimination. Although it still had a hold of them many years later as well as the poverty, he was fighting for equality. He talks about Alabama being a vicious racist state, he wants to see everyone walk hand in hand, he talks about if America is to become a great nation they must first give the black people freedom. When freedom is across all of America he says black and white men, Jews and gentiles, protestants and Catholics will be able to join hands.
His “I Have a Dream” speech painted an even bigger target before on his back, not just with certain people in the general public, but with the FBI. This was a memo circulated throughout the FBI offices after the speech:
In the light of King’s powerful demagogic speech yesterday, he stands heads and shoulders over all other Negro leaders put together when it comes to influencing great masses of Negros. We must mark him now, if we have not done so before, as the most dangerous Negro of the future in this nation from the standpoint of communism, the Negro, and national security.
The FBI later discovered King was supposedly having numerous affairs and sent him various anonymous letters stating such things as “You are a colossal fraud and an evil, vicious one at that” and threatening to blackmail him. In another anonymous letter supposedly from the FBI, they stated,
The American public, the church organizations that have been helping—Protestants, Catholics and Jews will know you for what you are—an evil beast. So will others who have backed you. You are done. King, there is only one thing left for you to do. You know what it is. You have just 34 days in which to do (this exact number has been selected for a specific reason, it has definite practical significant). You are done. There is but one way out for you. You better take it before your filthy fraudulent self is bared to the nation.
Many of the FBI’s surveillance records, written and audio records, concerning King are currently held in the National Archives, but are sealed from public access until 2027.
Mahatma Gandi `quit India’
August 8th 1942; India
A fight for liberty was raging across India as it had been for almost a century. The Indian people had been under control of the British crown, Gandi and the national Indian congress pushed for a completely non-Violent movement aimed at forcing Britain to `quit India’. Ref: http://www.artofmanlines.com/2008/08/01/the-35-greatest-speeches-in-history/
Mahatma Gandi wrote a letter to Hitler to prevent war on 23-07-39. Hitler embarked on his adventure in September 1939, which caused over 30million deaths. India was dragged into the war without been given a choice. Ref: `Quit India’ (YouTube 04-05-11).
I believe that in the history of the world, there has not been a more genuinely democratic struggle for freedom than ours. I read Carlyle’s French Resolution while I was in prison, and Pandit Jawaharlal has told me something about the Russian revolution. But it is my conviction that in as much as these struggles were fought with the weapon of violence they failed to realize the democratic ideal. In the democracy which I have envisaged, a democracy established by non-violence, there will be equal freedom for all. Everybody will be his own master. It is to join a struggle for such democracy that I invite you today. Once you realize this you will forget the differences between the Hindus and Muslims, and think of yourselves as Indians only, engaged in the common struggle for independence. http://www.artofmanliness.com/2008/08/01/the-35-greatest-speeches-in-history/